associated with lectures
First, an apology on behalf
of my field. As you will know, Chinese is written in characters. The pronunciation
character can be roughly represented in our alphabet, but there are two systems of romanisation in
common use in the
academic literature. (This does not include a small minority of works
employ less common systems, or the bastardised romanisation used in the
or the more or less mangled romanisations of their own names by Chinese
The system found in older works (and occasionally in new writing) is Wade-Giles
The second system is pinyin, which is
romanisation used by the People's Republic of China. You will find
in most recent books; even the Americans switched a few years ago,
perhaps because this
system is no longer considered politically incorrect in Taiwan
Han - Week 3-4
So you will find both Wade-Giles and pinyin in different
readings for this module. I will
give you a sheet that converts between the two systems, and I aim to
provide names in both forms, but you will need to be on the ball so
that you spot when you're reading about the same person in a different
romanisation. In your own writing, you should make every
effort to use one system consistently,
which will mean
converting anything you take from readings that use the other romanisation. I don't care
which system you use, but
the chief advantage of pinyin is that it dispenses with the endless and
confusing apostrophes of Wade-Giles, and that does make things easier
don't happen to know Chinese pronunciation.
And now, to some suggested reading to
lectures. No, I don’t expect you to read everything here all
by yourself, although if you share it around a work-group you should
manage it all easily. Note also that workshop readings/references will
be provided to you on handouts in advance of each workshop class.
Song - Week 5-7
Ming - Week 8-9
Qing - Week 10-12
Women and men in
(A chronology of Chinese dynasties)
- Hinsch, Bret, 'Introduction', Women in early
Maryland: Rowman &
Littlefield, 2002), pp. 1-13.
Dorothy, and Wang Zheng, ed. Translating feminisms in China
(Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).
- Ramusack, Barbara and Sharon Sievers, Women in
restoring women to history
Indiana University Press, 1999).
- Raphals, Lisa, 'Introduction: gender and virtue', Sharing
the light: representations of women and virtue in early China (Albany: SUNY Press, 1998), pp.
M. S., ‘Integrating men's history into women's history: a
Teacher, 35:3 (2002), 373-88.
- de Bary, Wm. Theodore, and Irene Bloom, ed., Sources
2nd edn (New
York: Columbia University Press, 1999).
- Dull, Jack, 'Marriage and divorce in Han China: a glimpse
at "pre-Confucian" society', Chinese family law and social
change in historical
and comparative perspective, ed. David C.
Buxbaum (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1978).
- Graham, A.C. Disputers of the
argument in ancient China
Ill.: Open Court, 1989).
- Keightley, David N., 'At the beginning: the status of women
in neolithic and Shang China', Nannü: Men, women
and gender in early and
1:1 (1999), 1-57.
HAN 漢 DYNASTY (c.
2nd cent. BCE to 2nd cent. CE) -- Early Imperial
advent of Confucianism
- Ch'ü, T'ung-tsu, Han social structure, ed. Jack Dull (Seattle:
University of Washington,
- Confucius, The analects
[Numerous translations in the library, seach on 'analects'].
Benjamin E., 'Han Confucianism and Confucius in Han', Ancient
in early civilisation, ed. David T. Roy and Tsuen-hsuin
Tsien, Hong Kong: Chinese
University Press, 1978), pp. 215-28.
(Hsün-tzu) [Search the library catalogue on
(7th to 10th cents) -- Medieval
Alien influences: The Buddhist
age between Han and Song
(10th to 13th cents) -- Middle Period
change and its effects
- Barrett, T. H., 'Woodblock dyeing and printing technology
China, c. 700 A.D.: the innovations of Ms. Liu and other evidence', BSOAS, 64:2 (2001), 240-7.
- Elvin, Mark, The pattern of the Chinese past (Stanford, Stanford
- Hansen, Valerie, Changing gods in medieval China,
(Princeton: Princeton University
- Hartwell, Robert M., 'A cycle of economic change in
China: coal and iron in northeast China, 750 - 1350', JESHO, 10:1 (1967), 103-59.
- Hartwell, Robert M., 'Demographic, political and social
transformations of China, 750-1550', HJAS,
42 (1982), 365-442.
- Kuhn, Dieter, 'Silk technology in the Sung period (969-1278
A.D.)', T'oung Pao, 67:1-2 (1981),
- Ma, Laurence Jun-ch'ao, Commercial development
change in Sung China,
- Scogin, Hugh, 'Poor relief in northern Sung China', Oriens
- Yü, Chün-fang, Kuan-yin, the
Chinese transformation of
(New York: Columbia
University Press, 2000).
virtues of neo-Confucianism
(Additional information on chronology
Property and influence
- Birge, Bettine, 'Women and Confucianism from Song to Ming:
the institutionalization of patrilineality', The
in Chinese history,
ed. Paul J. Smith and
Richard von Glahn (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Asia Center,
- Davis, R. L., 'Chaste and filial women in Chinese
writings of the eleventh century', JAOS,
121:2 (2001), 204-218.
- Davis, Richard L., Wind against the mountain: the
of politics and culture in thirteenth-century China (Cambridge, Mass: Council on
East Asian Studies, Harvard University,
- Ebrey, Patricia, Family and property in Sung
Ts'ai's precepts for social life (Princeton
University Press, 1984).
- Hu P'in-ch'ing, Li Ch'ing-chao (New York, 1966).
- Jay, Jennifer, 'Memoirs and official accounts: the
historiography of the Song loyalists', HJAS,
50:2 (1990), 589-612.
- Mote, Frederick W., 'Confucian eremitism in the
period', The Confucian Persuasion, ed.
Arthur F. Wright (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1960), pp.
- Watson, Rubie, & Patricia Ebrey, Confucianism
family rituals in imperial China (Princeton
University Press, 1991).
information on the New
- Bernhardt, Kathryn, Women and property in China,
(Stanford University Press, 1999).
- Birge, Bettine, Women, property and Confucian
Sung and YŸan China (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2002).
- Chung, Priscilla Ching, Palace women in the
(Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1981).
- Ebrey, Patricia, 'Women in the kinship system of the
Southern Song upper class', Women in China: current
directions in historical
ed. Richard Guisso &
Stanley Johannesen (Youngstown, New York: Philo Press, 1982), pp.
- Ebrey, Patricia, 'Shifts in marriage finance from the sixth
to the thirteenth century', Marriage and inequality in
ed. Rubie S. Watson & Patricia Buckley Ebrey
(Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991), pp. 97-132.
- Ebrey, Patricia, The inner quarters: marriage and
lives of Chinese women in the Sung period
(Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).
- Hansen, Valerie, Negotiating daily life in
China: how ordinary people used contracts, 600-1400 (New Haven: Yale University
Financial and bodily
- Bray, Francesca, Technology and gender: fabrics
in late imperial China
University of California Press, 1997).
- Hui, Y., 'The Admonitions Scroll: a Song version', Orientations, 32:6 (2001), 41-51.
- Jay, Jennifer W., 'Prefaces, jottings and legal proceedings
on women in thirteenth-century south China', Chinese Culture, 32:4 (1991), 41-56.
- Ko, Dorothy, Cinderella's sisters: a
revisionist history of footbinding (Berkeley: University of
- McKnight, Brian E., Law and order in Sung China (Cambridge University Press,
1992) [use index to
find information on women].
- Twitchett, Denis, 'Documents on clan administration I: the
rules of administration of the charitable estate of the Fan clan', Asia
Major, ser. 3,
8 (1960), 1-35.
DYNASTY (14th to 17th
cents) -- Late Imperial I
inward, pushing outward
Edward L., Zhu Yuanzhang and early Ming legislation: the
Chinese society following the era of Mongol rule (Leiden: Brill, 1995).
Daniel K., The Four Books: Confucian teachings in late
imperial China (Indianapolis: Hackett, 2006).
Alastair I., Cultural realism: strategic culture and grand
(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995).
- Shin, Leo
K., The making of the Chinese state: ethnicity and expansion
on the Ming
Cambridge University Press, 2006).
Arthur, The Great Wall of China: from history to myth (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1990).
Timothy, The confusions of pleasure: commerce and culture in
Ming China (Berkeley: University of California,
Katherine, 'The social uses of female virtue in late Ming editions of Lienü
zhuan', Late Imperial
China, 12:2 (1991).
- Cass, Victoria, Dangerous women: warriors,
grannies and geishas of the Ming (Lanham, Maryland: Rowman
John, A Ming society: T'ai-ho county, Kiangsi, 14th to 17th
centuries (Berkeley: University of California,
Mark, 'Female virtue and the state in China', Past &
Present, 104 (1984), 111-52.
Jennifer, 'Observations on marriage and inheritance practices in early
and Yüan society, with particular reference to the levirate', Journal
Asian History, 20:2 (1986),
Ann, 'Breaking the law: family violence, gender and hierarchy in the
of the Ming dynasty', Ming Studies,
36 (1996), 29-43.
Sex and anxiety
Katherine, 'Desire, danger, and the body: stories of women's virtue in
Ming China', Engendering China:women, culture, and the state,
ed. Christina K. Gilmartin, et al
(London: Harvard University Press, 1994), 101-24.
Miyazaki, China's examination hell: the civil service
imperial China (New
Haven: Yale University Press, 1981).
Ju-k'ang, Male anxiety and female chastity: a comparative
study of Chinese
ethical values in Ming-Ch'ing times
(Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1988).
Sophie, 'Classifying lust: the seventeenth-century vogue for male
love', HJAS, 61:1 (2001), 77-118.
- Wu, H.
Lara, '"Through the prism of male writing": representation of lesbian
Ming-Qing literature', Nannü,
4:1 (2002), 1-34.
- Li Yu, The
carnal prayer mat,
trans. Patrick Hanan (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996).
- Pu Songling
(P'u Sung-ling), Strange tales from the Liaozhai studio
(Beijing: People's China Publishing
(T'ang Hsien-tsu), The peony pavilion, trans. Cyril
Birch (Bloomington: Indiana University Press,
1980). Also known as: Mudan ting/Mu-tan tĠing.
Xiaosheng (Hsiao Hsiao-sheng), The golden lotus; a
translation, from the
Chinese original, of the novel Chin P'ing Mei, trans. Clement
Egerton (London, Routledge & Kegan
Paul, 1972). Also known as: The plum in the golden vase, Jin
QING (Ch'ing) 清 DYNASTY (17th to 18th cents)
Late Imperial II
and the oppression of women
Dian, 'One woman's rise to power: Cheng I's wife and the pirates', Women
China: current directions in historical scholarship, ed.
Richard Guisso & Stanley Johannesen,
Youngstown, New York: Philo Press 1982, pp. 147-63.
- Ng, Vivien, 'Ideology and sexuality: rape laws in Qing
China', JAS, 46 (1987).
- Sommer, M., Sex, law and society in late imperial
China (Stanford: Stanford University Press,
- Spence, Jonathan, The death of woman Wang
(New York: Penguin, 1978).
Lynn, ed., Voices from the Ming-Qing cataclysm: China in
tigers' jaws (New Haven: Yale University Press,
Mark, 'Female virtue and the state in China', Past &
Present, 104 (1984), 111-52.
Jennifer, 'The economic foundations of virtue: widow-remarriage in
modern China', Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs,
13 (1985), 1-27.
Susan, 'Widows in the kinship, class and community structures of Qing
China', JAS, 46
M.J., 'The price of a p'ai-lou', T'oung
special issue – Passionate women: Female suicide in late
imperial China, Nannü, 3:1 (2001).
Benjamin, & Alexander Woodside, ed. Education and
society in late
imperial China, 1600-1900
(Berkeley: University of California, 1994).
Benjamin, From philosophy to philology: social and
intellectual aspects of
change in late imperial China
(Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Council on East Asian Studies,
Dorothy, 'Pursuing talent and virtue: education and women's culture in
seventeenth and eighteenth-century China', Late Imperial China,
13:1 (1992), 9-39.
Susan, '"Fuxue" (women's learning) by Zhang Xuecheng (1738-1801):
China's first history of women's culture', Late Imperial China,
13:1 (1992), 40-62.
- Ropp, Paul
S., 'The seeds of change: reflections on the condition of women in the
and mid-Ch'ing', Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and
Society, 2:1 (1976), 5-23.
of journal titles
||Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African
||Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews
||Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies
||Journal of Asian Studies
||Journal of the American Oriental Society
||Journal of the Economic and Social History of
||Papers on Far Eastern History