ASSIROS: GREEK MACEDONIA
Throughout the long period of occupation the site was protected by successive defensive banks of mud brick and clay which also acted as terrace walls, supporting the densely packed buildings within. Parallel streets running E-W divided the occupied area into regular blocks of rooms in each period.
This diagram shows the Phase 2 plan in green, c 900 BC superimposed on the Phase 6 plan in red, c 1150 BC. Although the rooms are larger in the later phase the blocks have a similar orientation and keep the alignment of the central street.
Among the principal Bronze Age discoveries were a series of granaries (Phases 9 and 8) with many varieties of crops preserved in situ, as well as large quantities of Mycenaean and local pottery. At a later date the large granaries were replaced by smaller structures, perhaps individual houses (Phases 7-5), each with its own small scale storage provision. In the Iron Age a destruction level (Phase 2) preserving details of hearths and storage compartments, a loom in situ, and over one hundred complete or restorable vessels. The excavation at Assiros Toumba is one of a number of recent projects which have illuminated the early history of Northern Greece. Many of the objects found are on display at the Archaeological Museum in Thessaloniki.
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