DISCOVERIES AT SERVIA IN WESTERN MACEDONIA: 1

 

SERVIA, with architecture and a stratigraphic sequence covering the period from the Middle Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age, has provided considerable information about the one and two storey timber structures of the settlement. The post-framed buildings had walls of small vertical stakes or saplings plastered over with clay.

 

POSTHOLES AND POST PITS

 DEFINING PHASE ONE STRUCTURES

 

Situated on a low eminence beside the river Haliakmon as one of its natural crossings and close to abundant springs at the river's edge, the site was first occupied between 5500 and 5000 BC at the beginning of the Middle Neolithic period and flourished for around a thousand years until destroyed early in the Late Neolithic period. It was reoccupied for a period during the Early Bronze Age c 3000 BC and revealed traces of  later activity in both the Mycenaean and Byzantine periods. Even earlier traces of human settlement in the Early Neolithic period were found beside the river some 500 m to the North.  

Early Neolithic  c 5500 BC Varytimidhes
Middle Neolithic  c 5500-4500 BC Phases One - Five
Late Neolithic  c 4500-4200 BC Phases Six & Seven
Early Bronze Age  c 3000-2000 BC Phases Eight - Ten
Byzantine  c AD 1100-1200 Phase Eleven
 

Agriculture and Environment

 

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